What is an FPS? | How does FPS work? Do all PC games use FPS?

Ever heard gamers talk about getting high FPS? It’s not some fancy new slang, but a crucial aspect of smooth game play, especially for fast-paced games. Here’s the breakdown on what FPS is, how it works, and why it matters.

Why Choose FPS Games?

Let’s face it, some games are just more thrilling when things move at lightning speed. First-Person Shooter (FPS) games throw you right into the action, where quick reflexes and sharp aim are key. You blast through levels, dodge enemies, and strategize on the fly. Popular titles like Call of Duty, Overwatch, and Apex Legends all fall under the FPS umbrella.

The Power of Frames: Understanding FPS

FPS stands for Frames per Second. Imagine a flipbook – each page is a still image. When you flip them rapidly, they create the illusion of movement. In video games, these images are called frames. The higher the FPS, the more frames are displayed each second, resulting in smoother, more responsive gameplay.

How Does FPS Work? The Behind-the-Scenes Action

Think of your computer or gaming console as a well-oiled machine. The CPU (Central Processing Unit) is the brain, handling game logic and calculations. The GPU (Graphics Processing Unit) is the artist, rendering the visuals you see on screen. Here’s the FPS production line:

The Game World: The game environment, characters, and objects are created and stored in the computer’s memory.

CPU Takes Charge: The CPU processes game logic, physics, and player actions. It figures out where enemies spawn, how bullets fly, and how your character reacts.

GPU Steps Up: The CPU feeds this information to the GPU, which takes over the artistic side. It translates the game data into beautiful visuals – the frames.

To the Screen! The GPU sends these rendered frames to your monitor as fast as it can. The faster they’re delivered, the higher the FPS.

Display Magic: Your monitor refreshes at a certain rate, measured in Hertz (Hz). This determines how often it can update the image on screen. For a smooth experience, the FPS should ideally match your monitor’s refresh rate.

The FPS Advantage: Why It Matters

So, why is a high FPS important? It boils down to a more enjoyable and competitive experience:


Smoothness is King: A high fps tester results in smoother animations. It wouldn’t be ideal if enemies appeared out of nowhere when you turned a corner in the game! A high frame rate ensures smooth movement. Faster Reaction Time: In fast-paced FPS games, milliseconds matter. A higher FPS can give you a slight edge in reacting to threats and aiming precisely. Every frame counts when dodging bullets and landing headshots!

Competitive Advantage: In online multiplayer, a smooth and responsive game can make all the difference between victory and defeat. High FPS can help you react faster to opponents’ movements and give you a competitive edge.

Do All PC Games Need High FPS?

Not necessarily. Different game genres have varying FPS requirements. Here’s a quick breakdown:

Fast-Paced FPS: Aim for at least 60 FPS for a smooth and competitive experience.

Strategy Games or RPGs: 30 FPS can be sufficient, as these games focus more on planning and decision-making than twitch reflexes.

Slower-Paced Games: Adventure or puzzle games might run perfectly fine at even lower FPS, as the visuals and gameplay are less demanding.

Optimizing Your FPS: Get the Most Out of Your Game

There are ways to improve your FPS, even if your hardware isn’t top-of-the-line:

Adjust Graphics Settings: Most games allow you to tweak graphical settings like texture quality, shadows, and anti-aliasing. Lowering these settings can free up resources and boost FPS.

Close Background Applications: Background programs can hog resources and slow down your system. Shut down anything unnecessary before running your game.

Update Drivers: Keeping your graphics card drivers updated ensures optimal performance. Check the manufacturer’s website for the latest versions.

Testing, Testing: How to Check Your FPS

There are free tools like Fraps or MSI Afterburner that can overlay your FPS in-game, allowing you to monitor performance and see if adjustments are working.


Understanding FPS is key to a smooth and enjoyable gaming experience, especially for fast-paced FPS titles. By knowing how it works and how to optimize your settings, you can unleash the full potential of your games and dominate the competition. Now go forth and frag with confidence!